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Robot Framework is a keyword-driven test automation framework, written in Python. It empowers testers to automate and manage complex workflow scripts efficiently. It utilizes the keyword-driven testing approach & it has easy-to-use tabular test data syntax. 
Keyword-driven/Table-driven testing- Keyword-driven testing or some call it table-driven testing are the notions widely applied to an application-independent automation. The tester needs to develop data tables with keywords, independent of the test automation framework or any other tool used to run them. Then it is required to code the test script that will, in its turn “drive" the tested application and the data. Tables in a keyword-driven test will contain the information on the functionality of the tested application and step-by-step instructions for each test. 

 

  • Lower-level keywords: To keep the test cases minimal and concise the required functionality testing is separated into several lower-level keywords.
  • Technical keywords: They are implemented into the test to actually access the system and run the tests.